Top 10 most beautiful fortress of Romania

Top 10 most beautiful fortress of Romania

 

The Citadel in Deva

The Citadel in Deva (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A journey through time, showing you the most beautiful Romanian cities which, over the years, have become the main attractions on the tourist map of Romania.

A ranking of the most beautiful medieval cities is a difficult task because every city has its charm and beauty.

1. Rasnov Built on a rocky hill, surrounded by forest in southern Rasnov, Rasnov is an ensemble fortified spans approximately 3,500 square meters. The oldest structures that currently exist dating from the fourteenth century. Râşnov Fortress was built by local residents with a simple architecture, it has walls five meters high and 1.5 meters wide. In the inner courtyard residents were boxes, used as shelter and pantry during sieges. Rooms bear the names you find in other cities ţǎrǎneşti “school”, “priest”, etc. Inside the city can be visited Râşnov stone houses and a 150-meter deep well, but towers.

2. Poenari

Fortress known as Vlad the Impaler, Poienari is located at the entrance of Arges gorge, a steep peak in the middle of the beech forest. The fortress was built at the turn of XIV’s time Negru Voda was subsequently rebuilt by Vlad Tepes in the XVth century. Located at an altitude of 850 meters, the road to the city is a difficult one, made up of 1,480 concrete steps. Poenari was the main refuge from the Ottoman ruler Vlad Tepes.

3. Neamt Fortress
Located near the town of Targu Neamt, Neamt Fortress was built in XIV century, near the highest point of the ridge is part of Plesi and medieval monuments of exceptional value in Romania. It was built by Prince Petru I Musat, but his prime was during the reign of Stephen the Great, Neamt Fortress is considered one of the most fortified cities of Moldova, in the medieval period, because its walls high and deep ditches, surrounding it. Over the years, the city has undergone extensive restoration processes in the period 2007 – 2008 was closed and fully restored

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4. Deva Citadel

Built in the thirteenth century, a volcanic cone near Deva, the city of the same name is considered one of the most spectacular fortress in Transylvania. Known as the “key Mures,” fortress watched over centuries, into and out of Transylvania Mures Valley. In 1849, the city was destroyed following an explosion at the ammunition depot. 30 years later, local people started rebuilding the city. Since 2013, the Deva Citadel was included in a comprehensive process of restoration, estimated at nearly 40 million. 5. Fortress of Suceava

5. Fortress of Suceava

Suceava fortress was built in XIV century by Prince Petru I Musat and fortified in XV century by Stephen the Great. Suceava Fortress was part of the fortification system built in Moldova in the late fourteenth century, the Ottoman danger. Medieval fortification system consisted of fortified settlements – princely courts, monasteries with high walls and strategically important cities, fortified with walls of stone or earth walls with deep ditches. And the city of Suceava has undergone a comprehensive restoration process, whose works were completed this summer. The rooms bear names found in other cities ţǎrǎneşti “school”, “priest”, etc. On top of the hill it was built a school, and in 1650 a chapel was advantageous elevated walls of cǎrei longer see themselves today.

6. Oradea Fortress

Oradea Fortress is considered an architectural monument of Romania is among the few cities use nowadays. Currently in Oradea Fortress is Visual Arts Faculty of the University of Oradea. The cornerstone of Oradea Fortress was laid by King Ladislau eleventh century, who built the fortified monastery. In the XIV century, the fortress was built in an impressive Gothic cathedral, about 72 meters long. The new fortress was built in the Flemish style between 1570-1620.

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7. Sighisoara Citadel

Sighisoara Citadel is the old historic center of the city of Sighisoara, and since 1999 the UNESCO protected monument city. Sighisoara Citadel was built in 1280, surrounded by a wall of 930 meters, a height of 4 meters, which subsequently was raised to 14 meters. The walls had 14 towers, 9 of them being kept today. The towers functioned as headquarters of various craft guilds, which were established in the city in the XIVth century.

8. Fortress Alba Carolina

Considered the largest and best preserved Vauban citadel in Europe, Alba Carolina fortress was built in the early eighteenth century in the city of Alba Iulia, serving as a strategic defense against the Ottoman Empire. Fortress Alba Carolina has seven bastions and covers about 12 hectares. Entry into the city is through seven gates, true architectural monuments, statues and reliefs decorated.

9. Fagaras Fortress
Built in the late XIV, Fagaras Fortress is considered the second most beautiful castle in the world, surpassed by Neuschwanstein Castle in Germany, according to a ranking conducted in 2014 Hopper, a site dedicated to travel planning. Located halfway between Brasov and Sibiu and Fagaras Fortress is one of the largest and best preserved medieval fortifications in Romania and Europe. Between 1918 and 1948 the city was worked Romanian army garrison. Between 1948 – 1960, in Fagaras Fortress, it has been one of the most feared prisons for political prisoners. In 1965, the city was restored and a museum.

Fagaras Fortress ranked second in the top of the most beautiful castles in the world

If in previous years the number of visitors exceeded 30,000 hard threshold in 2014 the situation changed. Fagaras Fortress was visited by 55,000 visitors and this year it is expected to reach 100,000 visitors. The number of tourists is explained by the increasing promotion of the city. And that was included …
10. Fortress Rupea
Documented in 1324 Rupea fortress served as the last refuge of the Saxon rebels against King Charles I of Anjou of Hungary, having both defensive role, and the administrative seat Saxon. During communist times, the fortress of Rupea turned into a ruin, dilapidated walls remain completely isolated. In 2009, Rupea Fortress undergone a comprehensive restoration process that lasted three years, being completely redone exterior walls and four towers.

 

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